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Climate and biodiversity status in Svalbard's fjords (KlimaSvar)

In this project UNIS will synthesize the plankton records collected since 2001 in Different fjords in Svalbard through regular student field campaigns as well as during smaller and larger research projects.

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Project date

Starts
2017-03-20

Ends
2018-12-31

Project status

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Project type

  • remote sensing
  • long-term monitoring
  • data management
  • education and outreach
  • arctic field grant (afg)
  • sios

Discipline

  • oceanography

Project Keywords

  • biological classification / plants / microalgae
  • oceans / marine biology / marine invertebrates
  • oceans / coastal processes / fjords
  • oceans / ocean temperature / water temperature
  • oceans / sea ice / ice extent
  • biological classification / protists / plankton

Fieldwork information

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Type Period From To Coordinates Station Location
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Summary

Sea temperatures are increasing and sea ice coverage and thickness are decreasing in Svalbard fjords. These physical changes have impacts on the ecosystem. Especially ring seals are facing a difficult time since they are dependent on sea ice to give birth and nurse their pups. The ecological consequences for the tiny plankton organisms that comprise the fundament for the higher trophic levels are poor. Plankton time series from the high-Arctic is scarce and is urgently needed to determine the effects of global warming on marine biodiversity and productivity. Knowledge that is important to secure a sustainable and ecosystem based management of Arctic fjords and coastal regions which in general are much more productive that the open Arctic seas. The University Centre in Svalbard has since 2001 regularly investigated the plankton communities in Svalbard fjords. In this project we aim to analyse samples not yet analysed, establish a database were all these plankton data are secured (with guidance from SIOS) and synthesize the work in 1-2 review papers that will determine the plankton "health state" in Svalbard's fjords.

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