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Incubation behavior of the arctic tern Sterna paradisaea in extreme conditions of northern tundra

The project is focused on the study of the breeding biology of the Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea nesting in extreme climates of northern tundra. The aim of this work is to use continuous video monitoring of the nests of the Arctic tern to describe the incubation behavior of the species, including causes of losses of nests (predation, weather…).

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Project date

Starts
2014-07-06

Ends
2014-07-25

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Project type

  • field work

Discipline

  • terrestrial biology

Project Keywords

  • biosphere / zoology / biomass
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Fieldwork information

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Summary

The project is focused on the study of the breeding biology of the Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea nesting in extreme climates conditions of northern tundra. The aim of this work is to use continuous video monitoring of the nests of the Arctic tern to describe the incubation behavior of the species, including causes of losses of nests (predation, weather…). The video records of nests will be conducted on two types of sites on Svalbard and it will be made during fieldwork in 2014. Localities are divided into two groups: with more and less interference by people with more and less predation pressure . Disturbed areas - near Longyearbyen , the undisturbed - Petunia Bukta. In all areas will be used the same methodology - 24 hours of video recordings on incubated nests with video camera, mini recorder with a memory card of 32 GB ( SDHC type) , 12V battery , all housed in a weatherproof enclosure camouflaged surrounding natural material . The result of the work will evaluate the impact of predation and human disturbance on the incubation behavior of terns . The same methodology as for the Arctic tern was also used in the Antarctic tern Sterna vittata in Antarctica. It offers the opportunity to compare closely related species nesting on opposite poles of the earth and the evaluation of the presence of mammalian predators in the north.

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