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Glacial processes in Svalbard under conditions of changing climate

Climate changes during the last decades influence intensity of glacial processes (mass gain and loss and glacier dynamics). Response of tidewater glaciers is more distinc than land based glaciers. Special attention will be paid to geometry changes of large glaciers of the eastern part of Spitsbergen using different geodetic and remote sensing metho

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Project date

Starts
1999-06-20

Ends
1999-09-30

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Summary

Climate changes during the last decades influence intensity of glacial processes (mass gain and loss and glacier dynamics). Response of tidewater glaciers is more distinc than land based glaciers. Special attention will be paid to geometry changes of large glaciers of the eastern part of Spitsbergen using different geodetic and remote sensing methods. The centenial of Russian-Swedish expedition of the meridian arch survey is a good opportunity to compare contemporary state of glaciers with the data from the beginning of the 20th century. During the field activity in summer 1999, the precision GPS reference points will be established in the Hornsund area for further survey. Flow velocity and intensity of calving measurements will be continued on Hansbreen, emptying to the Hornsund Fiord. Glacier mass balance components are measured in end of winter and summer seasons. Model of calving of polythermal, grounded tidewater glaciers will be developed. Studies of land based glaciers are focused on Werenskioldbreen. Drainage system of the glacier, water discharge in glacial rivers and role of naled ice formation are investigated. Importance of water chemistry cryo-chemical processes and common presence of the calcium carbonate precipitations are taken into account.

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